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Energy management system requirements GB/ t2331-2009.
This standard is to regulate the energy management of the organization, aiming to reduce its energy consumption and improve the management standard of energy utilization efficiency. The establishment and implementation of the energy management system is a strategic decision of the top management. The successful implementation of the standard depends on the commitment and participation of the top management. Through the implementation of the energy management system standards, the organization can:
- management application system satisfies its energy management laws and regulations, standards and other requirements, coordinate with each other, promote each other, effectively reduce energy consumption, improve energy efficiency.
-- use the process method to identify, evaluate and control the energy factors in its activities, products and services, and realize the control and continuous improvement of the whole process of energy management.
-- to build a good platform for the application of advanced and effective energy-saving technologies and methods, mining and utilizing the best practices and experiences of energy conservation.
Improve the effectiveness of energy management and improve its overall performance.
- convince the relevant parties that they have established a suitable energy management system.
The organization adopted the "plan-do-check -Act (PDCA)" method to help it achieve management commitment and energy policy and achieve the goal of continuous improvement. Among them:
-- planning: including identifying and evaluating the organization's energy sources; Identify relevant laws, regulations, standards and other requirements; The benchmarking is determined by analyzing and determining the energy management benchmark. Establish energy targets, targets, and energy management programs.
-- implementation: including providing the required resources; Identify competencies, training and awareness requirements and conduct training; Establish an information exchange mechanism to carry out information exchange and communication; Establish required documents and records; Implement operation control and carry out related activities.
-- inspection: including monitoring, measurement and evaluation of energy management activities and energy targets and indicators; Identify and process nonconformance; Carry out internal audit, etc.
- disposal: based on the results of the internal audit and management review and other relevant information, to realize the goal of management commitment, energy policy, energy and the indexes to evaluate the suitability, adequacy and effectiveness of the corrective action and preventive measures, in order to achieve the purpose of continuous improvement of energy management system.
Detailed and complexity of the energy management system, file, such as how many, how many resources by depends on many factors, such as system covering the scope of the organization's size, the nature of its activities, products and services, the types of energy consumption and consumption demand, etc.
The implementation of this standard can improve the organization's energy management performance, but the successful implementation of the energy management system requires the support of relevant technologies and methods. Therefore, the organization should consider adopting the best feasible energy-saving technologies and methods when appropriate and economic conditions permit, and fully consider the cost-effectiveness of adopting these energy-saving technologies and methods.
This standard puts forward the management requirements for the energy consumption and energy utilization efficiency of the organization, and does not request the energy consumption and energy utilization efficiency of the products provided.
This standard does not ask for specific parameter values for energy management performance, also does not contain for other management system, such as quality, environment, occupational health and safety, as well as financial or risk management system requirements, but the requirements specified in this standard can be coordinated with other requirements of the management system, or to be integrated.
Energy management system requirements.
The requirements of this international standard specifies energy management system, to enable an organization to according to the laws and regulations, standards and other requirements to identify its can control, or can influence the energy factor, to establish and implement the energy management system.
This standard applies to organizations of all types and sizes with the following requirements:
A) to establish, implement, maintain and improve the energy management system to reduce energy consumption and improve energy efficiency;
B) to be sure that it meets the stated energy policy;
C) it is confirmed by the following ways:
1) self-evaluation and self-declaration;
2) seek external organizations to confirm their self-statements;
3) seek the confirmation of the conformity of the relevant parties of the organization;
4) seek external organizations to certify their energy management system.
Normative reference documents.
The terms in the following documents are subject to this standard by reference to this standard. Every note date reference documents, its all subsequent modification single (not including errata content) or revised edition are not applicable to this standard, however, according to the agreement of the parties of this standard are encouraged to study whether can use the latest version of these documents. The latest version of a reference document which is not dated is applicable to this standard.
GB/T19000 quality management system foundation and terminology.
GB/T19001 quality management system requirements.
GB/T24001 environmental management system requirements and usage guidelines.
3 terms and definitions
The definitions in GB/T19000 and GB/T24001 and the following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
It is possible to provide the resources needed for human resources directly or through conversion.
3.2Energy aspects of energy.
In the activities, products and services of the organization, factors affecting energy consumption and energy utilization efficiency.
The purpose and direction of energy management officially released by the top management of the organization.
3.4Energy goal energy objective.
The overall requirements for reducing energy consumption and improving energy efficiency are realized by the organization.
The specific requirements set forth in the energy goals for achieving energy goals can be applied to the entire organization or its parts.
3.6Management system for energy(MSE)
Command and control the organization's management system in energy.
3.7Energy management performance.
The measurable results of the organization's management of its energy factors.
3.8Baseline energy management baseline.
The organization shall determine the level of energy consumption and energy utilization efficiency based on its own energy management.
3.9Energy management benchmark energy management benchmark.
The organization refers to the advanced level of energy consumption and energy utilization efficiency determined by comparable activities.
4. Energy management system requirements.
4.1 general requirements
The organization shall determine the scope of the energy management system covering, and according to the requirements of this standard to establish, implement, maintain and continuously improve energy management system, forming files, to ensure that the lower energy consumption, improve energy efficiency.
4.2 management responsibilities
4.2.1 management commitment.
The top management shall commit to the establishment, implementation, maintenance and continuous improvement of the energy management system and provide evidence through the following activities:
A) enforce applicable laws, regulations, standards and other requirements and implement them within the organization;
B) formulate and implement energy policies and objectives, and serve as an integral part of the organization's development direction and strategic objectives;
C) to convey the importance of energy conservation and enhance the awareness of energy efficiency;
D) ensure the appropriate resources required for the energy management system;
E) conduct management review.
4.2.2 energy policy.
The top management shall formulate the organization's energy policy and ensure it:
A) applicable to the activities, products and service characteristics of the organization, in coordination with existing other management systems;
B) the commitment to reduce energy consumption, improve energy efficiency and continuous improvement;
C) includes commitments to comply with laws, regulations, standards and other requirements applicable to energy management;
D) provide a framework for the development and evaluation of energy targets and indicators;
E) the formation of documents to enable all staff to fully understand and implement;
F) can be obtained by relevant parties.
4.2.3 responsibilities and authority.
The top management shall ensure that the responsibilities and authority within the organization are defined, documented and communicated.
The top management shall appoint the management representative, and the management representative shall have the following responsibilities and authorities:
A) ensure that the energy management system is established, implemented, maintained and continuously improved in accordance with the requirements of this standard;
B) report to the top management on the operation of the energy management system;
C) suggest improvements;
D) to be responsible for external relations related to the energy management system.
4.3.1 energy factors.
The organization shall establish, implement and maintain one or more procedures for:
A) identification of the energy management system within range of activities, products and services to control, or can influence the energy factor, including should consider to have been included in the plans or new development, change of the activities, products and services;
B) to assess the energy factors and determine the priority energy sources according to laws, regulations, standards and other requirements, as well as the characteristics of the activities, products and services of the organization;
C) document the above information and update it in time.
When the organization establishes, implements, maintains and continuously improves the energy management system, it should consider the energy factors of priority control.
4.3.2 laws, regulations, standards and other requirements.
The organization shall establish, implement and maintain one or more procedures for:
A) identify laws, regulations, standards and other requirements applicable to energy management;
B) establish channels for timely access to these laws, regulations, standards and other requirements.
The organization shall ensure compliance with applicable laws, regulations, standards and other requirements when establishing, implementing, maintaining and continuously improving the energy management system.
4.3.3 benchmarks and benchmarks for energy management.
The organization shall establish, implement and maintain one or more documented procedures for establishing energy management benchmarks. When feasible, set the benchmark of energy management, as the main basis for setting energy targets and indicators and evaluating energy management performance. The organization should review the benchmark and benchmark, and update when necessary.
The energy management benchmarks and benchmarks established by the organization shall be documented.
4.3.4 energy targets and indicators.
In formulating energy targets and indicators, the organization shall:
A) to establish, implement and maintain the energy targets and indicators for the formation of documents within its internal functions and levels. Objectives and indicators should be measurable;
B) in establishing and reviewing energy targets and indicators, consideration should be given to laws, regulations, standards and other requirements, energy management benchmarks and/or benchmarking, and priority control of energy sources. In addition, technical, financial, operational and operational requirements should be considered, as well as requirements of relevant parties;
C) timely update or adjust energy targets and targets.
4.3.5 energy management plan.
The organization shall formulate, implement and maintain an energy management plan for achieving energy goals and targets, which shall include:
A) responsibilities and authorities on functions and levels;
B) technical solutions, implementation methods and financial measures, etc.;
C) time schedule.
When applicable, the implementation process and results of the energy management plan are evaluated.
4.4 implementation and operation.
The organization shall provide appropriate resources for the establishment, implementation, maintenance and continuous improvement of the energy management system, in particular:
A) personnel with relevant professional competence;
B) equipped with the required energy saving products/equipment and facilities;
C) equipped with required energy measuring instruments and monitoring devices;
D) to fully identify and utilize the best practices and experiences of energy conservation management, as well as effective energy conservation techniques and methods;
E) adequate funding.
4.4.2 ability, training and awareness.
To enable energy management staff to be competent, the organization shall:
A) ensure that all personnel engaged in the energy management related work have the corresponding ability and keep relevant records. This ability should be based on the necessary education, training, skills and experience;
B) identify training needs related to the energy management system and provide training, or take other measures to meet these needs;
C) carry out professional skills training for personnel with significant influence on energy management and maintain appropriate records;
D) take measures to make all staff aware that:
1) the importance of meeting the requirements of energy policy and energy management system;
2) reduce energy consumption, improve the efficiency of energy utilization, and improve the energy management performance of individual work improvement;
3) the potential consequences of deviating from the prescribed running procedures.
4.4.3 information exchange.
The organization shall establish, implement and maintain one or more procedures aimed at communicating the relevant information on energy sources and the energy management system:
A) information exchange between various levels and functions;
B) receiving, responding and forming documents of external party information.
The organization shall determine whether its energy, and the running situation of the energy management system and external communication, external communication, if you decide to its decision shall be documented, regulations, communication and implemented.
4.4.4 document and document control.
The energy management system documents shall include:
A) documents and records required by this standard;
B) organization of documents and records required to ensure effective planning, operation and control of the energy management process;
C) a description of the main requirements and relationships of the energy management system and related documents.
The organization shall establish, implement and maintain one or more procedures to control the documents required by the energy management system in order to:
A) should be approved by the authorized person prior to the release of the document to ensure its suitability and adequacy;
B) review and update the documents as necessary and review them again;
C) ensure that the changes to the documents and the current revision status are identified;
D) ensure that valid versions of the corresponding documents are available at use;
E) ensure that the document is legible and clearly marked;
F) ensure that external documents are identified and controlled for distribution;
G) to prevent misuse of obsolete documents. If an invalid document is retained for any purpose, appropriate identification shall be made.
The record is a special document, controlled by 4.4.5.
4.4.5 record control.
The organization shall establish and maintain necessary records as necessary to verify compliance with the requirements of the energy management system and the energy management performance achieved.
The organization shall establish and maintain one or more procedures for the identification, storage, protection, retrieval and disposal of records.
All records should be legible, identifiable and traceable.
4.4.6 operation control.
The organization shall, in accordance with the energy policy, objectives and indicators, identify and plan the operation of the energy factors that are identified as priority controls to ensure that they are carried out under the prescribed conditions:
A) procedures and/or operational instructions for the formation, provision and execution of documented procedures that may result from a lack of documentation procedures that may result in deviations;
B) the evaluation method of operating criteria and energy management performance in the running program;
C) when these operational controls involve the requirements of the parties concerned, the applicable procedures and requirements shall be communicated to the relevant parties.
126.96.36.199 product and process design control.
On new products and/or process design, should consider the reasonable use of energy, reduce energy consumption, improve the efficiency of energy utilization, and improving energy management performance, and before the implementation of effective evaluation and (or) for confirmation. When applicable, it shall:
A) consider the type, economy, quality, environmental impact and availability of the energy used;
B) reasonable matching of all systems and equipment/facilities to optimize the use of energy;
C) learn new technologies and methods of energy conservation, and best practices and experiences in energy conservation;
D) use of new and renewable sources of energy.
188.8.131.52 configuration and control of equipment and facilities.
The organization shall determine the equipment and facilities that have significant impact on energy consumption and energy use efficiency, and provide effective control over its procurement, use and disposal, including:
A) fully consider the efficiency of energy use when selecting new equipment and alternative equipment;
B) regular monitoring of energy utilization efficiency of equipment and facilities to ensure its economic operation;
C) carry out reasonable equipment maintenance, maintenance and update to ensure the effective use of energy;
D) identification of the qualification of key energy-using equipment and facility operators.
184.108.40.206 control of energy purchase.
The organization should ensure that the procurement and allocation of appropriate energy resources achieve the goal of reducing energy consumption and improving energy efficiency.
The organization shall:
A) evaluate and select energy suppliers according to the requirements of the organization;
B) establish standards or norms that should consider factors such as energy quality, availability and economy. Review its suitability and adequacy before publication;
C) measurement and/or verification of energy products purchased;
D) stipulate the requirements for the distribution and storage of related energy.
220.127.116.11 control of production and service delivery process.
The organization shall determine and control processes that have an important impact on energy consumption and energy use efficiency, and enable them to operate under controlled conditions, including:
A) to evaluate the energy consumption of production processes and service processes and to eliminate backward technologies;
B) to identify the best feasible technologies and good operational specifications for energy management and to implement them;
C) energy consumption and energy utilization efficiency of the monitoring process, and regular energy statistics and consumption analysis;
D) effective utilization of residual heat, residual pressure and other wastes;
E) maintain the energy measuring instruments and monitoring devices, calibrate or calibrate them at specified intervals or before use, and keep relevant records.
4.4.7 emergency preparedness and response.
The organization shall establish, implement and maintain one or more programs, is used to identify may affect energy consumption, energy efficiency potential emergency situations and accidents, and contingency plans.
The organization shall respond to emergency situations and accidents, and prevent and/or reduce the consequent impact.
The organization shall periodically review emergency preparedness and response procedures and revise them as necessary, especially after accidents and emergencies.
When practicable, the organization shall verify the above procedures on a regular basis.
4.5 check and correct.
4.5.1 monitoring, measurement and evaluation.
The organization shall establish, implement and maintain one or more procedures for monitoring, measurement and evaluation in the following areas:
A) daily operation of energy targets, indicators and energy management programmes;
B) evaluation of energy management performance by reference to energy management benchmarks and/or benchmarking;
C) changes in key characteristics that have a significant impact on energy consumption and energy use efficiency;
D) regularly evaluate compliance with applicable laws, regulations, standards and other requirements.
The organization shall keep records of the results of monitoring, measurement and evaluation.
4.5.2 non-conformance, correction, corrective actions and preventive measures
The organization shall establish, implement and maintain one or more procedures to deal with actual or potential nonconformance and take corrective, corrective and preventive measures. The following requirements shall be specified in the procedure:
A) identify and correct non-conformance and take measures to reduce the impact;
B) to investigate the non-conformance, determine the reasons for its occurrence, take corrective measures and avoid repeated occurrence;
C) to evaluate the potential non-conformance and evaluate the need for preventive measures, if necessary, to formulate and implement preventive measures to avoid the occurrence of non-conformance;
D) record the results of corrective and preventive actions;
E) the effectiveness of corrective and preventive measures taken by the review;
F) the measures taken should be commensurate with the seriousness of the problem.
The organization shall ensure that the necessary modifications are made to the energy management system documents that are involved in corrective and preventive measures.
4.5.3 internal audit.
The organization shall establish, implement and maintain the energy management system for internal audit program, should stipulate audit criteria, scope, frequency and methods, as well as the planning and implementation of audit report, audit results, keep records of the relevant responsibilities and requirements, the organization shall according to the planning of the time interval of energy management system for internal audit, in order to:
A) determine whether the energy management system is:
1) meet the requirements of the organization and the standards of the energy management system;
2) it has been effectively implemented and maintained.
B) to confirm the operational performance of the energy management system, including the realization of energy targets and indicators, the operational efficiency of energy equipment and systems, comprehensive energy consumption and energy consumption, etc.
C) report the audit results to the manager.
The internal audit should be planned and approved according to the impact of the energy management work of the organization and the internal audit results in the past. The selection of auditors and the implementation of audit should ensure objectivity and impartiality of the audit process.
The internal audit results shall be recorded and the audit findings and audit results shall be communicated to the relevant departments and personnel for the necessary corrective actions.
4.6 management review
The top management shall review the organization's energy management system at planned intervals to ensure its continued suitability, adequacy and effectiveness. The review should include an assessment of opportunities and changes in the energy management system. Records of management reviews shall be maintained.
4.6.2 review input.
Input of management review shall include:
A) internal audit results;
B) communication and feedback with external parties;
C) organizational management commitment and energy management performance;
D) degree of attainment of objectives and indicators;
E) implementation of corrective measures and preventive measures;
F) follow-up measures of previous management review;
G) objective changes in the energy management system;
H) Suggestions for improvement.
4.6.3 review output.
The output of management review shall include:
A) continuous improvement measures for energy management systems and energy conservation;
B) major decisions on energy management benchmarks and benchmarking, policies, objectives and indicators;
C) resource requirements.